The volumes of data are ever increasing. With a lot of data generated each minute on social media and networking sites and through extensive analyses and studies, the internet is overloaded. This rising volume of data has presented a novel challenge to us- that of its management, storage, and handling.
Open-source databases have evolved to be sought-after database management systems today, with strong features in place that result in efficient data management and quick retrieval capabilities. Today, we see an overview of the best Open-source database management software that are currently leading with their popularity and widespread appeal.
1. MongoDB – MongoDB is the most popular open-source database management system. The software platform arrived in the mid-2000s under the class of NoSQL database management systems. The open-source software did away with the method of storing data in rows and columns in a database system and stored data in JSON like structures that had dynamics schema, and termed the structure BSON later. MongoDB is written in C++ and boasts of scores of features like- storing records in the form of documents and storing data corresponding to data types used in most programming languages, support for polymorphism through a dynamic schema, complete index support on all fields, etc.
2. MySQL – While MongoDB is the most trending choice, MySQL is the one that has been around for the longest- about 30 years, and has evolved a lot since its inception. Scores of GUI and command-line tools are used now to access and manage MySQL through command-line or GUI tools. MySQL is a popular choice for the PHP programming languages developers who work to build web applications using Relational Database Management Systems. The database management software is available in two different editions- the open source MySQL community edition and an enterprise edition. The enterprise edition gets better support and more frequent updates.
3. PostgreSQL – PostgreSQL powers magnificent organizations like Fujitsu, Cisco, and ADP. The database management software which is nor popular nor widespread has a liberal open-source license, that permits the users of the software to freely modify the code to fit their company's specific needs and requirements. PostgreSQL is an object-oriented RDBMS that promotes extensible and standard compliance. Some of the features of the platform include support for SQL data types, multi-version concurrency control, transaction reliability through ACID concept, etc.
– This database management system was initially java web development company
by the engineers at Facebook to power the search functionality of the social media giant. Later, the software was made open-source. Cassandra is a distributed database management system that handles the data that is spread across a large number of devices in a cluster formation. Cassandra considers scalability and performance to be of high importance. Cassandra powers the leading web infrastructure companies like Twitter, Apple, and Netflix. Some of the standout features of the platform include decentralization of data, replication of multiple data centres, and a Cassandra Query Language (CQL), an alternative to SQL that resembles the latter.
5. CouchDB – Like MongoDB, CouchDB also uses the same file notation format in its database management features- the JSON format. Some large corporations that rely on the database system are- BBC, Canonical, and Sophos. Some of its unique features include- offline editing, distributed architecture for data replication and security, ACID semantics compliance, etc.
These open-source operating systems will make the task of your data management and handling easier on you.