The Best Practices to Keep in Mind for Automated Testing with Selenium

Open Source innovation platforms are becoming increasingly popular as companies of all sizes are considering Open Source for development and testing. The most significant reason behind this turn of events is the advantages that organizations want to derive from being a part of a collaborative community, which is an inherent benefit of using all open-source tools and frameworks.

selenium automation testing

Software testing is a field in the IT industry that is undergoing a paradigm shift in the way it is addressed. With the strife within companies to reduce the manual labor, improve the efficiencies, and lead to better test coverage faster, testing automation tools have become the rage today. Test automation helps companies reach their testing and quality assurance landmarks sooner, and that too with the help of minimal workforce.

Transparent Market Research (TMR) revealed that the global test automation market that was evaluated for about $13 billion back in 2015 would predictably reach about $86 billion by 2024. Thus, the market potential of test automation is huge but can be exploited only with the right testing tools and frameworks.

Selenium is an obvious choice of testers for an open-source testing framework because of many other reasons besides its free-of-cost advantage. One of the major benefits of the platform is that the tests can be coded in various programming languages which make it easier for developers and testers to execute tests directly across operating systems and web browsers. The platform is flexible, supports multiple browsers and enables the testers to choose IDEs of their choice to code the tests in the language of their choice.

QA Infotech has also shared something about Automation Selenium Testing for all fresher and experts:

selenium automation testing

selenium automation testing

Since Selenium is a leading platform for automation testing, here are some quick tips and best practices to keep in mind when executing and building tests with Selenium:

  • PageObjects Pattern: The design pattern called Page Object has gained popularity in Selenium Automation Testing as it allows for better maintenance of test cases and helps reduce code duplication. With Page Objects, you get an interface that your tests can use for the methods present in it. Whenever the test needs to interact with the UI page, the methods are used. The benefit of this system is that when the UI of the page changes, the tests don't have to be changed.
  • Portability: For the web elements location strategy, to create a name of the element, any of these can be used- the id or name, the XPath, Link Text, Dynamics Elements and AJAX, or Document Object Model.
  • Use of Wait: It is advisable to refrain from using Thread.sleep as it increases the run time of the tests and leads to slower execution. Instead, Wait or FluentWait is recommended for getting a clearer exception when the element is not found, and for adding robustness to the tests.
  • A reusable group of methods: It pays off to build a set of methods that you can reuse elsewhere in the test code. For example, when you need code for a click and an action on the click, at several places, making a method that can be customized and reused will not only speed up your code but will also enhance the efficiency of tests.
  • UI Mapping: When you create a UI mapping, it becomes easier to make subsequent changes in the test file when anything on the UI changes. When the user interface is properly mapped, changes become focused on a single file, resulting in effectiveness and maintainability of tests.
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Selenium is a platform that can enhance the test coverage, ensure faster turnaround, and enable better collaboration when implemented in the right way. Therefore, it is advisable to follow the best practices to ensure efficiency and robustness.

Going through a guideline on Selenium WebDriver - Running Mobile Web Tests on Real Devices